英语四级真题阅读长难句分析

英语四级 时间:2018-02-12 我要投稿
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  1. While the kinds of instruction offered in these programs will differ, DL usually signifies a course in which the instructors post syllabi , reading assignments, and schedules on Websites, and students send in their assignments by e-mail.

  【分析】本句为复合句。主句主干为 DL signifies a course。主句中的in which引导定语从句,对course进行解释说明,其中instructors和students是并列成分。 While意为 虽然,尽管 ,引导让步状语从句;从句中的offered 为过去分词做后置定语,修饰instruction。

  【译文】虽然各个大学提供的网络课程不尽相同,但是远程教学通常会把课程公开,教师会把课程大纲、阅读任务和课程安排上传到网站上,学生们则通过电子邮件提交作业。

  2. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall, I offered suggestions for characters, conflicts and endings for her tales.

  【分析】本句为简单句。句子主干为I offered suggestions。Telling myself hall为伴随状语,that引导宾语从句;guiding the young writer across the hall为现在分词作后置定语,修饰writer。that 后的从句可改写为I was merely an experienced writer who are guiding the young writer across the hall。

  【译文】我一次次地告诫自己,这只是一个有些经验的作家在指导一个小作家成长而已,关于她的故事中的人物、冲突和结尾我都提供了一些建议。

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