Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the importance of learning basic skills. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. Write your essay on Answer Sheet 1.
Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
1. A) The man has left a good impression on her family.
B) The man’s jeans and T-shirts are stylish.
C) The man should buy himself a new suit.
D) The man can dress casually for the occasion.
2. A) Its price. C) Its location.
B) Its comfort. D) Its facilities.
3. A) It is a routine offer. C) It is new on the menu.
B) It is quite healthy. D) It is a good bargain.
4. A) Read the notice on the window. C) Go and ask the staff.
B) Board the bus to Cleveland. D) Get a new bus schedule.
5. A) He is ashamed of his present condition.
B) He is careless about his appearance.
C) He changes jobs frequently.
D) He shaves every other day.
6. A) The woman had been fined many times before.
B) The woman knows how to deal with the police.
C) The woman had violated traffic regulations.
D) The woman is good at finding excuses.
7. A) She got hurt in an accident yesterday.
B) She has to go to see a doctor.
C) She is black and blue all over.
D) She stayed away from work for a few days.
8. A) She will ask David to talk less.
B) She will meet the man halfway.
C) She is sorry the man will not come.
D) She has to invite David to the party.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. A) Beautiful scenery in the countryside.
B) A sport he participates in.
C) Dangers of cross-country skiing.
D) Pain and pleasure in sports.
10. A) He can’t find good examples to illustrate his point.
B) He can’t find a peaceful place to do the assignment.
C) He can’t decide whether to include the effort part of skiing.
D) He doesn’t know how to describe the beautiful country scenery.
11. A) New ideas come up as you write.
B) Much time is spent on collecting data.
C) A lot of effort is made in vain.
D) The writer’s point of view often changes.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
12. A) Having her bicycle repaired. C) Lecturing on business management.
B) Hosting an evening TV program. D) Conducting a market survey.
13. A) He repaired bicycles. C) He worked as a salesman.
B) He coached in a racing club. D) He served as a consultant.
14. A) He wanted to be his own boss.
B) He didn’t want to be in too much debt.
C) He didn’t want to start from scratch.
D) He found it more profitable.
15. A) They are all the man’s friends. C) They are paid by the hour.
B) They work five days a week. D) They all enjoy gambling.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A) They shared mutual friends in school.
B) They had many interests in common.
C) They shared many extracurricular activities.
D) They had known each other since childhood.
17. A) At a local club. C) At the boarding school.
B) At Joe’s house. D) At the sports center.
18. A) Durable friendships can be very difficult to maintain.
B) One has to be respectful of other people in order to win respect.
C) Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other.
D) It is hard for people from different backgrounds to become friends.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. A) The art of Japanese brush painting. C) Characteristics of Japanese artists.
B) Some features of Japanese culture. D) The uniqueness of Japanese art.
20. A) To calm themselves down. C) To show their impatience.
B) To enhance concentration. D) To signal lack of interest.
21. A) How speakers can misunderstand the audience.
B) How speakers can win approval from the audience.
C) How listeners in different cultures show respect.
D) How different Western and Eastern art forms are.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. A) They mistake the firefighters for monsters.
B) They do not realize the danger they are in.
C) They cannot hear the firefighters for the noise.
D) They cannot see the firefighters because of the smoke.
23. A) He teaches Spanish in a San Francisco community.
B) He often teaches children what to do during a fire.
C) He travels all over America to help put out fires.
D) He provides oxygen masks to children free of charge.
24. A) He is very good at public speaking.
B) He rescued a student from a big fire.
C) He gives informative talks to young children.
D) He saved the life of his brother choking on food.
25. A) Kids should learn not to be afraid of monsters.
B) Informative speeches can save lives.
C) Carelessness can result in tragedies.
D) Firefighters play an important role in America.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Almost every child, on the first day he sets foot in a school building, is smarter,
more 26 , less afraid of what he doesn’t know, better at finding and 27 ,
more confident, resourceful (机敏的), persistent and 28 than he will ever be
again in his schooling – or, unless he is very unusual and very lucky, for the rest of his life. Already, by paying close attention to and 29 the world and people around
him, and without any school-type formal instruction, he has done a task far more difficult, complicated and 30 than anything he will be asked to do in school, or than any of his teachers has done for years. He has solved the 31 of language. He has discovered it – babies don’t even know that language exists – and he has found out how it works and learned to use it 32 . He has done it by exploring, by experimenting, by developing his own model of the grammar of language, by 33 and seeing whether it works, by gradually changing it and 34 it until it does work. And while he has been doing this, he has been learning other things as well, including many of the “ 35 ” that the schools think only they can teach him, and many that are more complicated than the ones they do try to teach him.
Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
One in six. Believe it or not, that’s the number of Americans who struggle with hunger. To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding America, the nation’s largest
36 hunger-relief organization, has chosen September as Hunger Action Month. As part of its 30 Ways in 30 Days program, it’s asking 37 across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agencies in its network provide low-income individuals and families with the fuel they need to 38 .
It’s the kind of work that’s done every day at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio. People who 39 at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of each month aren’t looking for God – they’re there for something to eat. St. Andrew’s runs a food pantry (食品室) that 40 the city and several of the 41 towns. Janet Drane is its manager.
In the wake of the 42 , the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 43 that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their next meal. What’s most surprising is that 36% of them live in 44 where at least one adult is working. “It used to be that one job was all you needed,” says St. Andrew’s Drane. “The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they’re still right on the edge 45 .”
A) accumulate I) households
B) circling J) recession
C) communities K) reported
D) competition L) reviewed
E) domestic M) serves
F) financially N) surrounding
G) formally O) survive
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
Universities Branch Out
As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.
In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self-consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.
Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty
members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.
Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to make it possible.
Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.
As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基础设施) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.
For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.
American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international
understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.
Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.