阳光网【期末试题】 编辑：-1 发布时间：2015-04-13
I. Vocabulary and Structure
1. Dennis Joyce is a 30-year B of an electric company in New York
A. embroidery B. employee
C. employment D. enjoyment
2. He is one of the growing number of Americans who in recent years have ___B____ dangerous sports to fill their leisure time.
A. taken off B. taken up
C. taken in D. taken over
3. The room is in a terrible mess; it ___D___ cleaned.
A. would have been B. mustn’t have been
C. shouldn’t have been D. can’t have been
4. People who A risky sports usually have several things in common.
A. participate in B. take in
C. look into D. give in
5. There isn't much B in jogging. But on the other hand, you get just as much exercise and you can do it by yourself
A. involvement B. excitement
C. treatment D. improvement
6. The second and third floors A onto the first floor, trapping and killing many residents.
A. collapsed B. escaped
C. destroyed D. concluded
7. Fifteen is a little young to D a serious long-distance relationship.
A. talk down to B. be pressed into
C. be convinced of D. be involved in
8. It is better to __D__ schoolchildren by feeding them good food.
A. notice B. neglect C. witness D. nourish
9. Scientist discovered how to A atoms decades before the invention of atomic bomb.
A. split B. break C. destroy D. tear
10. The light from a laser, C in only one direction and in a narrow beam, is much stronger.
A. moves; concentrates B. moving; concentrating
C. moving; concentrated D. moved; concentrates
11. The room is in a terrible mess; it __D___ cleaned.
A. would have been B. mustn’t have been
C. shouldn’t have been D. can’t have been
12. We were ____D_____for half an hour in the traffic and so we arrived late.
A. kept off B. broken down
C. put back D. held up
13. It is better to ___D____ schoolchildren by feeding them good food.
A. notice B. neglect C. witness D. nourish
14. ___A_____the traffic jam, I wouldn’t have been late for the dinner party.
A. Were it not for B. But
C. Only if D. If not
15. The first place __C___ in the factory was the tool room.
A. where we visited B. we visited in
C. we visited D. which we visited
16. ___C____, I will learn it well.
A. No matter how English is difficult B. However English is difficult
C. However difficult English is D. No matter how difficult is English
17. I ___B____three miles when I ________ a pain in my side.
A. haven’t even gone; got B. hadn’t even gone; got
C. didn’t go; had got D. haven’t gone; have got
18. ___B____ Dr Wang, students’ language proficiency is very closely related to their motivation in learning.
A. Prior to B. According to
C. Thanks to D. In spite of
19. The man would sit on the riverbank while the bear, still _A____ to the leash, would go into the water.
A. attached B. attach C. attaching D. to attach
20. She developed a __D___ for the natural world, for birds, for mountains, for rivers.
A. pasture B. passage C. patience D. passion
21. The English teacher said: “Write a __C__ composition.”
A. two- hundred-words B. two-hundreds-word
C. two-hundred-word D. two-hundreds-words
22. If I __B_a bird, I ___ fly to you.
A. were, shall B. were, would C. am, shall D. was, would
23. __D_____are needed in this school.
A. men teachers B. Man teachers
C. Men’s teachers D. Men teachers
24. This piece of music ___B___ with great feeling.
A. should play B. should be played C. should be play D. should be playing
25. I need __A____cloth, for I’m going to make ______ clothes.
A. a lot of, many B. much, much
C. many, many D. many, a lot of
26. It is certain that someone took my umbrella by mistake: someone __B____my umbrella by mistake.
A. might have taken B. must have taken
C. should have taken D. could have taken
27. ____C_______ late in the evening that the geological team pitched(扎营) camp.
A. It’s not until B. It was until
C. It was not until D. It is until
28. ____A_______, he had to do all kinds of house work.
A. His wife being ill B. His wife was ill
C. His wife were ill D. His wife to be ill
29. This composition is good D___ spelling mistakes.
A .except B. besides C. that D. except for
30. .It’s very convenient __D____ here.
A. we lived B. we live C. live D. living
31．Susan called her sled team to a quick halt in the B of night, and they couldn't see where the strange voice came from.
A.red B.black C.anger D.shade
32. Butcher reached for the handgun usually C in the sled, but couldn't find it.
A.keeping B.to be kept C.kept D.to keep
33.We want especially to thank the A friends who gave us encouragement.
A. numerous B. nutritious C. ridiculous D. anxious
34.You played so well. You B a lot.
A. do not practice B. must have practiced
C. may have practiced D. mustn’t have practiced
35. It was a C for them to have all these visitors sitting around in the shop.
A.assistance B. numeracy C. nuisance D. resistance
36.The Everglades National Park. C 9,000 square miles.
A. takes on B. turn up C. takes up D. turn down
37. She C for twenty months until they finally to see her.
A. patiently waited …came B. patiently waited … had come
C. had patiently waited … came D. had patiently waited … had come
38. If one needs a lift over some obstacle that seems impossible to get beyond, the other won’t leave until the obstacle is B .
A. corrected B. conquered
C. contrasted D. completed
The rocket engine, with its steady roar like that of a waterfall or a thunderstorm, is animpressive symbol of the new space age. Rocket engines have 11 powerful enough toshoot astronauts beyond the earth's gravitational pull and 12 them on the moon. Wehave now become travelers in the space.
Impressive and complex 13 it may appear, the rocket, which was invented in Chinaover 800 years 14 , is a relatively simple device. Fuel that is burned in the rocket enginechanges 15 gas. The hot and rapidly expanding gas must escape, but it can do so only16 an opening that faces backward. As the gas is 17 with great force, it pushes therocket in the 18 direction. Like the kick of a gun when it is fired, it 19 the laws ofnature described by Sir Isaac Newton when he discovered that" 20 every action, there isan equal and opposite reaction."
B 11. A. shown B. been C. appeared D. proved
D 12. A. send B. land C. take D. carry
C 13. A. that B. so C. as D. sometimes
D 14. A. in advance B. before C. earlier D. ago
B 15. A. as B. into C. for D. the
D 16. A. in B. at C. by D. through
D 17. A. transmitted B. dispersed C. erected D. radiated
C 18. A. same B. other C. opposite D. wrong
C 19. A. states B. proves C. follows D. breaks
D 20. A. like B. as C. with D. for
Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked A, B, C and D. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.（每小题2分，共20分）
If you asked people today why they used the telephone to communicate with their friends or why they turned to the television for entertainment, they would look at you as if you were crazy. We don't think about a telephone or a television or a car as being rare. These things have become such an essential part of life that they are no longer noticed, let alone remarked upon.
In the same way, within a decade no one will notice the World Wide Web. It will just be there, an essential part of life. It will be a reflex to turn to the Web for shopping, education, entertainment and communication, just as it is natural today to pick up the telephone to talk to someone.
There is an enormous interest in the Web. Yet it is still in its infancy (婴儿期). The technology and the speed of response are leaping forward. This will move more and more people to the Web as part of their everyday lives. Eventually, everyone’s business card will have an electronic mail address. Every lawyer, every doctor and every business – from large to small – will be connected.
To predict that it will take over ten years for these changes to happen is probably pessimistic. We usually overestimate what we can do in two years and underestimate what we can do in ten. The Web will be as much a way of life as the car by 2008. Probably before.
1. What is implied in Paragraph 1? C
A. Only mad people would ask questions about telephones, TV sets and cars.
B. We don't usually ask people why they use the telephone, television and car.
C. Today televisions and cars are no longer as important as they used to be.
D. In some places, telephones, televisions and cars are still rare things.
2. According to the text, in ten years' time the Web will A .
A. have become part of people’s everyday life
B. be as cheap as the telephone of today
C. have lost its interest to people
D. no longer be an infant
3. The word “reflex” in Paragraph 2 probably means A .
A. automatic, unthinking act
B. something one is thinking over
C. reflection of other people's opinion
D. turning from the source
4. Technology for the Web B .
A. has passed its infancy
B. is developing at a very rapid rate
C. has naturally moved more people together
D. is responding to the challenge of the world
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true? D.
A. The development of the Web has just started.
B. It will probably take less than ten years for the Web to become common.
C. Eventually the Web will be able to link all businesses together.
D. We are usually too optimistic when we talk about what we can do in ten years
Blind people can “see” things by using other parts of their bodies. This fact may help us to understand our feelings about color. If blind people can sense color differences, then perhaps we, too, are affected by color unconsciously.
Manufacturers have discovered by experience that sugar sells. Badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and that cosmetics(化妆品) should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a branch of color psychology.
Color psychology now finds application in everything from fashion to decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with calm, while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive(刺激). For a primitive man, activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw red as the color of blood and anger and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-protection.
Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their psychological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bring red show an increase in breath, in heartbeat and in blood pressure; red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect; it is a calming color. Because of its exciting meaning, red is chosen as the signal for danger, but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alarm. So fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.
1. Our preferences for certain colors are __A_____ according to the passage.
A. associated with the time of the day
B. dependent on our personalities
C. are linked with our ancestors
D. partly due to psychological factors
2. If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT happen? B
A. They breathe faster.
B. They feel satisfied.
C. Their blood pressure rises.
D. Their hearts beat faster.
3. Which of the following statements if NOT true according to the passage? B
A. Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of.
B. Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities.
C. People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly.
D. The psychology of color is of some practical use.
4. Which of the following statements if TRUE according to the passage? C
A. Manufacturers often sell sugar in green wrapping.
B. Dark blue bring people the feeling of being energetic.
C. Primitive people associated heat and anger with red.
D. Green and yellow are associated with calm and passive defense.
5. Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the passage? D
A. The Branch of Color Psychology
B. Color and Its Meanings
C. The Practical Use of Color Psychology
D. Color and Feelings.
Human wants seem endless. When a starving man gets a meal, he begins to think about an overcoat; when an executive gets a new sports car, visions of country clubs and pleasure boats dance into view. The many wants of mankind might be regarded as making up several levels. When there is money enough to satisfy one level of wants, another level appears.
The first and most basic level of wants involves food. Once this want is satisfied, a second level of wants appears clothing and some sort of shelter. By the end of World War II these wants were satisfied for a great majority of Americans. Then a third level appeared. It included such items as automobiles and new houses.
By 1957 or 1958 this third level of wants was fairly well satisfied. Then, in the late 1950s a fourth level of wants appeared: the “life-enriching” level. While the other levels involve physical satisfaction - the feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation of the human body – this level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. It includes a variety of goods and services, many of which could be called “luxury” items. Among them are vacation trips, the best medical and dental care, and entertainment. Also included here are fancy foods and the latest styles in clothing.
On the fourth level, a greater percentage of consumer spending goes to services, while on the first three levels more is spent on goods. Will consumers raise their sights to a fifth level of wants as their income increases, or will they continue to demand luxuries and personal services on the fourth level.
A fifth level probably would involve wants that can be achieved best by community action. Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime. And prejudice. After filling our stomachs, our clothes closets, our garages and our fully the good things on the first four levels.
1. According to the passage; man will begin to think about such needs as housing and clothing only when _C____.
A) he has saved up enough money
B) he has grown dissatisfied with his simple shelter
C) he has satisfied his hunger
D) he has learned to build houses
2. It can be inferred from the passage that by the end of World War II most Americans__D___.
A) were very rich
B) lived in poverty
C) had the good things on the first three levels
D) did not own automobiles
3. Which of the following is NOT related to “physical satisfaction”? A
A) A successful career B) A cozy home
C) A good service D) A family car
4. What is the main concern of man on the fourth level? B
A) The more goods the better
B) The more mental satisfaction the better
C)The more “luxury” items the better
D) The more earnings the better
5. The author is inclined to think that a fifth level__B__.
A) would be little than the fourth level
B) may be a lot more desirable than the firs four
C) can be the last and most satisfying level
D) will become attainable provided the government takes actions
Some people hate everything that is modern. They cannot imagine how anyone can really like modern music; they find it hard to accept the new fashions in clothing; they think that all modern painting is ugly; and they seldom have a good word for the new buildings that are being built everywhere in the world. Such people look for perfection in everything, and they take their standards of perfection from the past. They are usually impatient with anyone who is brave enough to experiment with new or to express himself or the age in any original ways. It is, of course, true that many artists do not succeed in their work and instead produce works that can only be considered as failures. If the work of art is a painting, the artist’s failure concerns himself alone, but if it is a building, his failure concerns others too, because it may damage the beauty of the whole place. This does sometimes happen, but it is completely untrue to say, as some people do, that modern architecture is nothing.
We can't judge every modern building by the standards of the ancient time, even though we admire the ancient buildings. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The modern architect knows he should learn from the ancient works, but with his greater resources of knowledge and materials, he will never be content to imitate the past. He is too proud to do that.
1. Some people hate everything that is modern because D
A. they are aged
B. they find it hard to accept modern things
C. they take their standards of perfection from the Greek
D. they look at things by the standards of the past
2. The writer of the passage thinks that C .
A. it is true to say artists fail in their work
B. it is untrue to say artists fail in their work
C. it is true to say some artists fail in their work
D. it is true to say only painters fail in their work
3. The writer thinks the failure of a building B .
A. means nothing
B. concerns others
C. concerns only the artist
D. concerns all the people in the world
4. The writer thinks that C .
A. we can't judge buildings by the ancient standards
B. we can't judge all the buildings by the ancient standards
C. we can't judge all the modern buildings by the ancient standards
D. we can't judge modern buildings
5. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The sentence means B .
A. the ancient architects had no technology
B. the modern architects use more advanced technology
C. the modern buildings are advanced because they are completely different from the ancient buildings
D. the modern buildings are more beautiful
At that instant she did not recognize the man that had kidnapped her.
This hospital is attached to the medical college nearby.
3．And Wellman was there for his able-bodied friend early in the climb when pieces of rock gave way, 700 feet above the group, and Corbett plunged downward.
Wellman 在那里为他强健的朋友早早地做好准备。突然，在离开地面人群700英尺的地方，石块塌落了， Corbett摔了下去。
4. There is no definite way to predict an earthquake. “We prefer the word forecasting,” says one geologist. “It sounds like weather, which allows us to be wrong.”
5. As late as 1897, sailors in the British Navy were not permitted to use knives and forks because using them was considered unmanly.
6. “Your partner can save your life----you can save your partner’s life.” Wellman said as the pair received congratulations from friends. “There are real close bonds.”
You’d better take the keys in case I am out for a walk.
8. In one apartment complex that was not fortified with steel, the second and third floors collapsed onto the first floor, trapping and killing many residents.
9. All the world is divided into three parts—finger-feeders, chopstick-feeders, and fork-feeders.
10..Most people have found themselves daydreaming about winning a million dollars—as a solution to their money problems or as a path to happiness and a life of luxury.
The fork made its way to Western tables several hundred years later, but it was not immediately accepted.
12. What's intense in a relationship is newness. That's why the great romances of literature are never between people who stay together.
13. Over the past twenty years, personal computers have brought tremendous changes to the home and the workplace, and many of the most important developments in computer technology are based on lasers.
14. Brushing stimulates the skin and the tissues underneath so blood can flow more easily and more oxygen can reach the brain.
15．在第一段赛程上Butcher已经创下了一个新的时间记录，她几乎是稳操胜券了。(to Set a fecord)。
Butcher had already set a new time record for the first leg of the trip, and her chances of winning had never been better.
Dangerous animals were tamed and then permitted to walk freely through the houses of the rich.