高考英语完形填空及解析

时间:2018-07-02 16:19:13 高考英语 我要投稿

高考英语完形填空及解析

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:汤姆庭园

  Tom grows the nicest vegetables and fruits and the most beautiful flowers in the village. Plants grow in Tom’s garden all through the __1__ and they are much __2__.

高考英语完形填空及解析

  Tom cuts some flowers for his sitting room table, eats some fruits and vegetables, but he __3__ most of them in the market. His vegetables, fruit and flowers are so __4__ and beautiful that they sold much more __5__ in the market than those of other villagers.

  How does Tom grow these beautiful things? He is so __6__ that he just sits under his orange tree with his radio.

  He __7__ the music all day.

  That is quite true. Tom __8__ things in spring, summer, autumn and winter. After that he sits with his radio. And everything __9__. It is the music that does the work. Tom knows more clearly that music makes the biggest vegetables and the most beautiful flowers. Plants love __10__ as much as people.

  1. A. week B. month C. season D. year

  2. A. better B. worse C. less D. later

  3. A. buys B. sells C. borrows D. lends

  4. A. dear B. bad C. big D. small

  5. A. politely B. quickly C. slowly D. carefully

  6. A. angry B. busy C. tired D. lazy

  7. A. listens to B. hears C. watches D. speaks

  8. A. fills B. plants C. throws D. makes

  9. A. does B. moves C. grows D. plays名师点评

  本文介绍了汤姆庭园中各种植物的生长以及销售情况,并说明了懒惰的汤姆为什么能长出这么好的植物。

  答案简析

  1. D。根据下文汤姆春夏秋冬都会在园子里种各种植物,说明园子里一年到头都长着植物,故year为正确选项。

  2. A。很明显,汤姆的植物园比村子里其余人的应好得多,故应用比较级better。

  3. B。根据文意,汤姆到市场上去应是卖自己种植的花,水果及蔬菜,故选sells。

  4. C。这里应选择一个褒义形容词修饰汤姆的蔬菜水果,故只能选big。

  5. B。因为蔬菜水果长得好,所以在市场上卖得很快,故quickly为正确选项。

  6. D。根据下文汤姆没有花很多的时间去管理园子而是坐在树下听音乐,故选lazy。

  7. A。表示听音乐这一动作应用listen to 。

  8. B。根据文意,汤姆春夏秋冬在园子里是在种各种植物,故选plant。

  9. C。grows在这里表示园子里的一切在不断地生长。

  10. D。上文讲到音乐使得园子里的一切又大又美,说明植物也像人一样喜欢音乐,故选music。

  10.A. work B. rain C. stories D. music

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:贫农和牛

  Nasreddin was a poor man, so he tried to grow __1__ he could in his own garden, so that he would not have to buy so many in the market.

  One evening he heard a noise in his garden and looked out of the window. A white ox had got into the garden and __2__ his vegetables. Nasreddin at once took his stick, ran out and chased the ox, but he was too old to catch it. When he got back to his garden, he found that the ox had ruined most of his precious vegetables.

  __3__, while he __4__ in the street near his house, he saw a cart with two white oxen which looked very much like the one that __5__ his vegetables. He was carrying his stick with him, __6__ he at once began to beat the two oxen with it. As neither of them looked more like the ox that had eaten his vegetables than the other, he beat both of them equally hard.

  The owner of the ox and cart was drinking coffee in a __7__ coffee-house. When he saw __8__ Nasreddin was doing __9__ his animals, he ran out and shouted, “What are you doing? What have those poor animals done to you for you to beat them like that?”

  “You keep out this!” Nasreddin shouted back, “This is a matter between me and one of these two oxen. He knows very well __10__ I am beating him!”

  1. A. so many vegetables B. many vegetables

  C. as many as vegetables D. as many vegetables as

  2. A. was eating B. ate C. had eaten D. has eaten

  3. A. Next day B. Next morning

  C. Last morning D. The next morning

  4. A. walks B. waked C. was walking D. walking

  5. A. ruined B. had eaten C. ate D. had ruin

  6. A. so B. and C. but D. or

  7. A. beside B. nearby C. near D. near by

  8. A. that B. which C. why D. what

  9. A. for B. to C. with D. on

  10.A. reason B. when C. why D. because

  名师点评

  这是一个笑话,贫农Nasreddin在街上碰到两头牛,搞不清是哪一头毁坏了他家的菜园,于是用棒子将两头牛一起抽打,牛主人制止时,他却强词夺理,无理取闹。

  答案简析

  1.D。习惯用语as many as possible 意为“尽可能多的”合乎文意,为正确选项。

  2.A。过去进行时强调过去正在进行的动作,根据文意Nasreddin看到牛正在吃蔬菜,故选 was eating 。

  3.D。指过去某一天的第一天或第二天早上、晚上,应用the next day/morning/evening。 故应选The next morning 。

  4.C。在从句动作进行的过程中,主句动作发生了,这时从句常用进行时态,故选择was walking 。

  5.B。牛吃蔬菜是贫农上街之前的事,文章本身讲的是过去的故事,指过去的过去应用过去完成时,故选had eaten。

  6.A。从句子意思看,空白处前后构成因果关系,故选择so。

  7.B。形容词nearby一般作定语,表示“不远的,附近的”,合乎文意,为正确选项。

  8.D。这里需要一个引导词,引导saw的宾语从句,同时在句子里作do的宾语,故选 what。

  9.B。do sth. to sb.结构中to后面常接动作的对象。

  10.C。牛主人问及Nasreddin打牛的原因,这里需要一个引导词引导 knew的宾语从句,且在从句中作状语,根据上文可知这里应填 why。

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:时间的重要性

  Someone says, “Time is money.” But I think time is __1__ important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is 2 it’ll never 3 . That’s 4 we mustn’t waste time.

  It goes without saying that the 5 is usually limited. Even a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to do 6__ useful.

  But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the importance of time. They spent their limited time smoking, drinking and __7 . They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own __8 .

  In a word, we should save time. We shouldn’t 9 today’s work for tomorrow. Remember we have no time to 10 .

  1. A. much B. less C. much less D. even more

  2. A. cost B. bought C. gone D. finished

  3. A. return B. carry C. take D. bring

  4. A. what B. that C. because D. why

  5. A. money B. time C. day D. food

  6. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything

  7. A. reading B. writing C. playing D. working

  8. A. time B. food C. money D. life

  9. A. stop B. leave C. let D. give

  10. A. lose B. save C. spend D. take

  名师点评

  文章讲述了时间的重要性。金钱用完了可以再来,但时间却是一去不复返。告诫我们要珍惜时间,不能虚度年华。

  答案简析

  1.D。该句中多音节形容词important的比较级应是 more important ,用even来修饰比较级,故选 even more important。

  2.C。这里表示时间流逝,故选gone。

  3.A。时间流逝就不会再回来,根据文意应选return。

  4.D。上文解释了我们为什么不能浪费时间,承接上文应用why。

  5.B。时间的流逝悄无声息,故应选 time。

  6.B。根据文意可知,我们应珍惜时间,做一些有用的事情,故选something。

  7.C。该句列举了一些人浪费时间的例子,四个选项中只有playing能和smoking, drinking 相提并论,故选playing。

  8.D。根据文意,浪费时间就是浪费自己的生命,故选life。

  9.B。leave意为“留下,剩下”。根据文意,我们不能把今天的事留到明天做,故选 leave。

  10.A。这里表示浪费时间,故选lose。

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:知识的重要性

  Food is very important. Everyone needs to __1__ well if he or she wants to have a strong body. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is __2__. We begin to get knowledge even __3__ we are very young. Small children are __4__ in everything around them. They learn __5__ while they are watching and listening. When they are getting older, they begin to __6__ story books, science books…, anything they like. When they find something new, they love to ask questions and __7__ to find out answers. What is the best __8__ to get knowledge? If we learn by ourselves, we will get __9__ knowledge. If we are __10__ getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. When we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand better.

  1. A. sleep B. read C. drink D. eat

  2. A. sport B. exercise C. knowledge D. meat

  3. A. until B. when C. after D. so

  4. A. interested B. interesting C. weak D. better

  5. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything

  6. A. lend B. read C. learn D. write

  7. A. try B. have C. refuse D. wait

  8. A. place B. school C. way D. road

  9. A. little B. few C. many D. the most

  10. A. often B. always C. usually D. something

  名师点评

  本文说明了知识的重要性,介绍了一个人学习知识的过程以及获取知识的最佳途径,是一篇可读性较强的文章。

  答案简析

  1.D。本句承接上文,进一步强调食物的重要性,要有强壮的体魄得吃得好,故选eat。

  2.C。根据下文,大脑所需要的食物应为knowledge。

  3.B。按常理一个人在小的时候就开始学习了,所以应用when引导这里的时间状语从句。

  4.A。小孩对知识的接受主要依靠于他们对事物产生的兴趣,词组be interested in sth 表示“对……感兴趣”,而interesting用来形容令人感兴趣的事物,故选择interested。

  5.B。孩子们在耳听眼观的过程中经常会学到一些东西。everything过于绝对化 ,nothing、anything 不合文意,应选 something。

  6.B。随着年龄的增长,孩子们开始read各类书籍而不是write,learn在这里搭配不当。

  7.A。孩子们在学习过程中发现问题时,由于求知的欲望,应尽力去解决问题,故选择try。

  8.C。本段主要就学习方法展开讨论,该句应为总括句,空白处当然应填入ways。

  9.D。与后面的方法比起来,作者认为独立自主的学习为最佳方法,最佳方法当然应使人获得最多的知识,故选择the most。

  10.B。be always doing sth 意为“总是干某事”。

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:达芬奇

  Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇).

  Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

  But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.

  Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.

  1. A. took B. made C. painted D. invented

  2. A. artists B. doctors C. painters D. people

  3. A. to B. of C. for D. from

  4. A. the scientists B. the artists C. the world D. people

  5. A. draw B. paint C. work D. build

  6. A. was just B. wasn’t just C. wasn’t D. was no longer

  7. A. less B. no C. even D. very

  8. A. before B. after C. because D. when

  9. A. him B. us C. them D. you

  10. A. interesting B. crying C. smiling D. surprising

  名师点评

  本文介绍了堪称世界上最伟大的天才——达芬奇在发明、艺术等方面为人类所作的巨大贡献,文章层次分明,通俗易懂。

  答案简析

  1.C。为了引出话题人物━━达芬奇,这里引用了设问手法,问题应表示“是谁画了世界上最著名的画”,故选择动词painted。

  2.B。对人体比较了解的`莫过于医生了,将达芬奇与医生相比才能显示其对人体的精通。故选择doctors。

  3.A。介词to常表示一一对应的关系,“问题的答案”习惯表达为an answer to a question。

  4.D。达芬奇应是世人所知道的天才中最伟大的人,the world 一般指每个人,相当于第三人称单数,故people为正确选项。

  5.D。draw和paint不合文意, work为不及物动词,不能直接接宾语。在那个时代,达芬奇所不能做的应是制造飞机,故选择build。

  6.B。这一句起承上启下的作用,意为“达芬奇不仅仅是一名发明家”,故选择 wasn’t just。

  7.C。less和no不合文章,very不能用来修饰比较级,而even常用来修饰比较级,意为“甚至更……”,故为正确选项。

  8.A。为了使自己的画达到最高境界,应在画这幅画之前去尝试不同的画法,所以应选before。

  9.B。达芬奇的画今天依然保存在世,为本文作者以及读者所共享,所以应选us。

  10.C。达芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以画中人物面部神秘的微笑而名扬天下,故选smiling。

  高考英语完形填空及名师解析:美国人与轿车

  Many people think that Americans 1 their cars almost more than anything else. When 2__ people are fourteen years old, they want to have their __3_ cars. They don’t ask for a car from their 4__. So many of them work in _5_ time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to 6 _ and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life.

  Some people almost 7 _ go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will __8_ their cars to a garage as soon as they think there is a 9 . On Saturdays or Sundays some people may 10 most of their time washing and repairing their cars.

  1. A. prefer B. love C. drive D. play

  2. A. little B. big C. old D. young

  3. A. new B. own C. expensive D. cheap

  4. A, friends B. teachers C. parents D. brothers

  5. A. free B. busy C. study D. good

  6. A. make B. mend C. wash D. drive

  7. A. always B. never C. often D. usually

  8. A. take B. carry C. pull D. lift

  9. A. question B. wrong C. mistake D. problem

  10. A. cost B. get C. spend D. use

  名师点评

  本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。

  答案简析

  1. B。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用love it,较贴近文章的意思。

  2. D。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说young。

  3. B。根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车,而是想拥有自己的小汽车,故选own。

  4. C。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选parents。

  5. A。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作占用的应是上学期间的空隙,故应选free。

  6. D。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选drive。

  7. B。与下文“车子一有问题就去修理”相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选never。

  8. A。carry应为“搬运”,push 为“推”,lift 意思为“举,提起”都不合文意,take sth. to 某地,意为“把……带到……”。

  9. D。只能选择一个名词, 表示汽车的“故障,毛病”, 故选problem。

  10. C。spend some time doing sth.为一个固定搭配,意为“花时间干某事”。

【高考英语完形填空及解析】相关文章:

1.高考英语完形填空及名师解析六篇

2.高考英语完形填空及名师解析

3.高考英语全国卷Ⅰ完形填空解析

4.高考英语全国卷完形填空解析

5.高考英语例句的解析

6.高考英语语法解析:It用法

7.高考英语必备短语解析

8.高考英语单选题答案及解析