大学英语3试卷及答案

大学英语答案 时间:2018-04-26 我要投稿
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  I. Spell the following words with the help of their definitions and first letters given (10 points)

  1. i_____ n. a problem or subject people discuss

  2. o_____n. a chance to do sth. or an occasion when it is easy to do sth.

  3. e_____ v. to give and receive (sth. in return for sth. else)

  4. i_____ n. the effect or influence that and event, situation, etc. has on sb.

  5. m_____ n. a particular task or duty undertaken by an individual or a group

  参考答案:

  1. issue 2. opportunity 3. exchange 4.impact 5. mission

  Ⅱ. Complete the following sentences with the words given below, change the form where necessary. (10 points)

  amount extend obtain pursue injure

  1、The young lady wants to _____ her bachelor's degree in two years.

  2、His girlfriend was seriously _____ in a broad accident when she attempted to get across the road.

  3、My parents have spent a large _____of money in enabling me to continue my study.

  4、They _____the railway to the next town.

  5、She _____the goal of perfection in her heart.

  参考答案:

  1. obtain 2. injured 3. amount 4. extended 5. pursues

  Ⅲ. Fill the following blanks with correct adverbs or prepositions. (10 points)

  1、The teacher asked his students to comment _____the film they had just seen.

  2、The only access _____the village is by boat.

  3、Your hair and eyes remind me _____ your mother.

  4、I have no intention ______changing my plans to fit in with his.?

  5、Can I connect my printer ______your computer?

  参考答案:

  1. on. 老师要求他的学生对所看过的电影发表评论

  2. to. 只能乘小船进入这个村庄。 acccess做名词时,后面一般跟介词to,表示“接近,进入,通道,使用....的权利”。但表示“(疾病的)发作,(怒气的)爆发”时,则不接to,如in an access of rage勃然大怒。

  3. of 你的头发和眼睛让我想起了你的母亲。 remind sb. of sth.为固定搭配,表示“使某人想起,提醒某人想起某事”

  4. of 我没有改变计划来迎合他的想法。 intention 是名词,表示“有...的意图”时,一般的搭配是have intention of doing sth. 或者Have intention to do sth. 本题中空格后面changing是动名词形式,所以用of.

  5. To. 我可以把打印机连到你的电脑上吗? 表示“把...连接到”时一般的搭配是connect sth.1+to(with)+sth.2 如果sth.1 与sth.2 是对等或相当的东西,多用with;如果sth.1 是sth.2的附属部分则用to。

  Ⅳ.Choose the one that best completes the sentence. (10 points)

  1. More information becomes _____through the use of the internet.

  A. attainable B. available C. approchable D.applicable

  2. _____ all her other qualifications. Mary was an excellent cook.

  A. except B. in addition to C. besides D. except for

  3. Which is the best approach _____ the tunnel?

  A. to B. with C. besides D. towards

  4. Not until recently did I _____the college life.

  A. use to B. get use to C. used to D. used in

  5. It is not _____to quarrel with your boss.

  A. worthy B. worth C. value D. valuable

  参考答案:

  1. B. 通过网络,可以获取更多的信息。 这四个形容词在意思上非常结进,但描述的对象却有区别。attainable主要指“(目标等)可以实现的,可达成的,(场所,年龄等)可达到的”。available描述的对象较广,指可“利用的,能够得到”。approachable主要指“(场所)可接近的,可进入的;applicable(人)易于接近的。则主要 “( 规则,计划,安排, 解决办法等)切实可行的 ”。所以本题选B

  2.B 除其他方面的资格外,玛丽还是一个出色的厨师。 这四个短语都可以表示“除...之外”的意思,但表达的意义却有区别。except 的意思是“从整体里减去一部分”,因为“所说的道理或事实不能适用于那部分”,着重于排除在外,如;We all went there except Xiao Li. 除小李外,我们都到那去了。except 还要求后面所指的必须是主句内容的一部分或同类。except for要不是,除...之外,没有“必须是主句内容的一部分或同类”的限制。 in addition to 则强调“另外,加之,除....之外,又......”。besides表示“除...之外,另外还有”,也要求后面所指必须是主句内容的一部分或同类,如;I have five other books besides this.除这本以外,我还有5本别的书。而本题中qualification与cook既不是同类,也不是后者的一部分。所以本题选B

  3. A 哪条路是通往隧道的最佳途径。 Approach作名词时,表示“入口,通道,接近,解决问题的办法步骤”等含义,后一般接介词 to 。如;an approach to the bridge.通向桥的路。

  4. B 知道最近我才适应大学生活。 Use 可以直接做及物动词和名词用,后面不直接用 to。后面接 to 时一般有以下3种搭配:1)过去式used+to+v.表示“过去常常,往往”,如: I used to go there. 我过去常到那里去。Used he (Did he use) to come by bus?他过去常乘公共汽车来吗? 2)be(become, get) used+to+n. 表示习惯于某事,如: I become used to noodles now. 我现在习惯于吃面条了。3)be used to+v. 表示被用来做,如:Waterfall can be used to generate electricity. 瀑布可以用来发电。

  5. A? 和你的老板争吵不值得。 Worth后面一般接名词或动名词,如: Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well. 凡是值得做的事都值得好好去做。Worthy 后可接 of +n.或to do如:A man worthy of praise/worthy to be praised值得称赞的人。value n. 价值; valuable adj. 有价值的。所以本题选A。

  Ⅴ. Read the following passages and give the best answers to each question with the information you give have got from the passage. (20 points)

  Passage 1

  In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list, but so were some positive life-changing events, like marriage. When you take the Thomas Holmes test you must remember that the score does not reflect how you deal with stress----it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you handle these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy.

  By the early 1970s, hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who worked and lived under stress worried over reports. Somehow, the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazine’s ran headlines like “stress causes illness.” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy, the articles said, avoid stressful events.

  But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous, many-like the death of a loved one---are impossible to avoid. Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is prescription(处方)? for staying away from opportunities as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move. The notion that all stress makes you sick also ignores a lot of what about people. It assumes we’re vulnerable(脆弱的) and passive in the face of adversity(逆境). But what about human initiative and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental vigor than they had before. We also know that long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom, and physical and mental strain.

  1. The result of Holmes-rahe’s medical research tells us _____

  A. that the way you handle major events may cause stress

  B. what should be done to avoid stress

  C. what kind of event would cause stress

  D. how to cope with sudden changes in life

  2. The studies on stress in the early 1970s led to _____

  A. widespread concern over its harmful effects

  B. great panic over the mental disorder it could cause

  C. an intensive research into stress-related illness

  D. popular avoidance of stressful jobs

  3. The score of the Holmes-rahe test shows _____

  A. how much pressure you are under

  B. how positive events can change your life

  C. how stressful a major events can be

  D. how you can deal with life-changing events

  4. Why is “such simplistic advice” (line1, para.3) impossible to follow_____?

  A. no one can stay on the same job for long

  B. no prescription is effective in relieving stress

  C. people have to get married someday

  D. you could be missing opportunities

  5. According to the passage, people who experienced ups and downs may become ______

  A. nervous when faced with difficulties

  B. physically and mentally strained

  C. more capable of coping with adversity

  D. indifferent towards what happens to them

  参考答案:1. A 2. A 3. A 4. B 5. C

  Passage 2

  More episodes of absent-mindedness—forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room----are caused by a simple lack of attention, says schacter. “ you’re supposed to remember something, but you haven’t encoded it deeply.” Encoding, Schacter explain, is a special way to pay attention to an event to a major impact on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you involved in a conversation, you will probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe(衣柜) . “Your memory itself isn’t failing you.” Says Schacter.? “Rather, you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed.”

  Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. “A man who recites sports statistics from 30 years ago,” says Zelinski, “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.” Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relives on just that.

  Visual cues can help prevent absent-mindedness, says Schacter. “But be sure the cue is clear and available.” He cautions. If you want to remember to take a medication with lunch, put the pill on the kitchen table---don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.

  Another common episode of absent-mindedness, walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time.” Says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.

  6. Why does the author think that encoding properly is very important?

  A. It helps us understand our memory system better.

  B. It enables us to recall something fro our memory

  C. It expands our memory capacity considerably

  D. It slows down the process of losing our memory

  7. One possible reason why women have better memories than men is that ___________

  A. they have a wider range of interests

  B. they are more reliant on the environment

  C. they have an unusual power of focusing their attention

  D. they are more interested in what’s happening around them

  8. A note in the pocket can hardly serve as a reminder because__________

  A. it will easily get lost

  B. it’s not clear enough for you to read

  C. it’s out of your sight

  D. it might get mixed up with other things

  9. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

  A. if we focus on our attention on one thing, we might forget another

  B. memory depends to a certain extent on the environment

  C. repetition helps improve our memory

  D. if we keep forgetting things, we’d better return to where we were

  10. What is the passage mainly about?

  A. process of gradual memory loss

  B. the causes of absent-mindedness

  C. the impact of the environment on memory

  D. a way of encoding and recalling

  参考答案:

  6. B 7. D 8.C 9. A 10. B

  Ⅵ. Shot answer questions (10 points)

  Directions: in this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statement. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the question or complete the statement in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words)

  As researchers learn more about how children’s intelligence develops, they are increasingly surprised by the power of parents. The power of the school had been replaced by the home. To begin with all the factors which are part of intelligence—the child’s understanding of language learning patterns curiosity—are established well before the child enters school at the age of six. Study has shown that even after school begins children’s achievement have been far more influenced by parents than by teachers. This is particularly true about learning that is in subjects such as science.

  In view of their power it’s sad to see so many parents not making the most of their child’s intelligence. Until recently parents had been warned by educators who asked them not to educate their children many teachers now realize that children can not only at school and parents are being asked to contribute both before and after the child enters school.

  Parents have been particularly afraid to teach reading at home. Of course, children shouldn’t be pushed to read by their parents but educators have discovered that reading id best taught individually ---and the easiest place to do this is at home. Many four-and –five-year-old who have been shown a few letters and taught their sounds will compose single words of their own with them even before the y have been taught to read. .

  1.What have researchers found out about their influence of parent and school on the children’s intelligence?

  _____________________________________________________________________

  2.What do researchers conclude about children’s learning patterns?

  _____________________________________________________________________

  3.In which area may school play a very important role?

  _____________________________________________________________________

  4.Why did many parents fail to make the most of their children’s intelligence?

  _____________________________________________________________________

  5.the author suggests in the last paragraph the parents should be encouraged to _____________________________________________________________________

  参考答案:

  1. Parents have greater influence than the school. / Parents’ influence is greater than the school’s

  2. They established well before the age of six.

  3. in science subjects.

  4. They were told not to educate their children.

  5. Teach reading at home.

  Ⅶ. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. (15 points)

  1. Our university has an excellent faculty and staff. Many of them play an important role in helping students to deal with their pressure during their university life.

  2. Kelley remind us of the mission we have in the Distance Education—to bring a quality education and experience to their students regardless of their geography location or life circumstance.

  3. Even if you take a taxi, you’ll still miss the phone.

  4. The internet classes and courses are very convenient, because there are no physical restrictions as in conventional education like space and time limitations.

  5. The Internet is not only a wonderful opportunity to have a good time but also to learn something in a convenient and less expensive way.

  参考答案:

  1.我们这所大学拥有优秀的教职员工。他们在帮助学生应对在校期间所面临的压力方面发挥着重要的作用。

  2. 凯丽让我们想起远程教育的使命——无论学生的地理位置和生活状况如何,我们都应该为他们提供高质量的教育和经历。

  3. 即使坐出租车,你也赶不上飞机了。

  4. 利用因特网上课也非常方便,因为它不像传统教育那样有时间和空间的限制。

  5. 因特网不仅为我们寻找乐趣提供了一个绝妙的机会,而且可以让我们以更方便更经济的方式学到知识。

  Ⅷ.Translate the following sentences into English. (15 points)

  他想在65岁时让他的长子接管他的生意。

  在圣诞节期间,这家商场准备延长营业时间以满足顾客购物需求。

  他可以毫不费力地完成这项使命,我们对此毫不怀疑。

  在任何情况下,我都将继续我的大学学习。

  大学生涯对你将来的工作和生活将会产生重大的影响。

  参考答案:

  1. He has planned for his eldest son to take over his business when he is 65 years old.

  2. This department store plans to extend its opening hours during the Christmas time to meet customers’ needs.

  3. We have no doubt that he will accomplish his mission effortlessly.

  4. I will continue my college study under any circumstances.

  5. College time will have great effect in your future work and life.

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