1. Because he feels he is completely international.
2. What he means is that if one has a network of friends and enjoys what one is doing, one can function well anywhere in the world.
3. It refers to a member of the international business elite who treks each year to the Swiss Alpine town of Davos for the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum.
4. The issues include everything from post-election Iraq and HIV in Africa to the global supply of oil and the implication of nanotechnology.
5. They all believe that globalization, the unimpeded flows of capital, labor and technology across national borders, is both welcome and unstoppable. They see the world increasingly as one vast, international marketplace in which corporations search for the most advantageous locations to buy, produce and sell their goods and services.
6. He describes Davos Man as an emerging global superspecies and a threat.
7. Yes, global trade has been around for centuries. In the past, the corporations and countries that benefited from global trade were largely content to treat vast parts of the world as places to mine natural resources or sell finished products.
8. It predicted that four economies – Russia, Brazil, India and China – will become a much larger force in the world economy than widely expected, based on projections of demographics and economic growth, with China potentially overtaking Germany this decade. By 2050, these four newcomers will likely have displaced all but the US and Japan from the top six economies in the world.
9. It refers to low-paid migrant workers from Asia and elsewhere who are increasingly providing key services around the world.
10. Unlike Davos Man, Manila Woman is strongly patriotic.
11. Because he thinks that there are still too many barriers to cross-border business in Europe, let alone the world.
12. Davos Man needs to figure out how to strike a balance on a global scale between being international and being national at the same time.
Working on Your Own:
Part One, Paras. 1-3: introduction to Davos Man and the World Economic Forum
Part Two. Paras. 4-5: Debate over the impact of globalization on current society and culture
Part Three. Paras. 6-8: History of globalization and its recent trands and future prospects
Part Four. Paras. 9-11: Globalization versus nationalism and the challenges it faces
2. Main Events:
2) Davos Man seen their identity as a matter of personal choice, not an accident of birth.
3) Davos Man believes that globalization, the unimpeded flows of capital, labor and technology across national borders, it both welcome and unstoppable.
4) Davos Man sees the world increasingly as one vast, international marketplace in which corporations search for the most advantageous locations to buy, produce and sell their goods and services.
Language Sense Enhancement
(1) both see their identity (2) birth (3) incidentally (4) annual
(5) networking (6) implications (7) Whatever their considerable differences
(8) unimpeded flows (9) interconnected marketplace (10) advantageous
1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given in the box.
1) advantageous 2) let alone 3) witnessing…vanishing 4) landmark
5) entitled 6) displace 7) Establishment 8) patriotic…strengthen
9) contradictions 10) aspires 11) divorced 12) pendulums
2. Use the verb in the brackets to form an appropriate phrasal verb you have learned and complete the sentence with it.
1) come to 2) dozed off 3) believed in 4) was set apart
5) take in 6) sucks in 7) clean up 8) turn away
3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in the brackets.
1) makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus.
2) overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker.
3) at odds with his wife over money matters.
4) been at the forefront of nanotechnology research.
5) let alone cook a meal.
4. Complete the sentence, using the words or phrases in the brackets.
a) is increasingly…to accelerate…their investment
b) economy…make an earnest…strike a balance between
c) a handful of…be endorsed by…on a large scale
II. Word Formation:
WTO World Trade Organization 世界贸易组织
GDP gross domestic product 国内生产总值
ATM automatic teller machine 自动出纳机
VAT value-added tax 增值税
CAD computer-aided design 计算机辅助设计
IT information technology 信息技术
IDD international direct dialing 国际直拨电话
MTV music television 音乐电视
Radar radio detecting and ranging 雷达
IOC International Olympic Committee 国际奥委会
VIP very important person 贵宾、大人物
Laser light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation 激光
CPU central processing unit 中央处理器
1) An unusual present, a book on ethics, was given to Henry for his birthday.
2) The reason (he gave) that he didn’t notice the car till too late was unsatisfactory.
3) Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends.
4) Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that serious scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.
I. Cloze1. Text-related:
(1) academics; (2) networking (3) a variety of (4) growth
(5) vanish (6) facilitate (7) endorsing (8) outlook
(9) sweeping aside (10) patriotic (11) erasing (12) strike a balance
(1) aided (2) effects (3) distances (4) connected (5) invested
(6) features (7) prevailing (8) qualitatively (9) volume (10) Distinguishing
1. Translate the sentences into English:
1) Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from Europe to elsewhere.
2) I like hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work.
3) Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her personal growth.
4) The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries.
2. Translate the passage into English:
Globalization has great implications for young Chinese. For example, young farmers are moving on a large scale to urban areas for jobs. And for those young people who aspire to study abroad or work in foreign-invested enterprises, English has become increasingly important. At the same time, a considerable number of overseas Chinese have returned home in recent years, for they hold an optimistic outlook for the long-term growth of the Chinese economy. The Internet has strengthened the links between Chinese young people and those elsewhere. They follow the latest trends can copy foreign fashions. Some of them don’t seem to care for traditional Chinese virtues, let alone carry them forward, which has given rise to worries that the traditional Chinese culture might one day vanish.
10) at the turn of the century
2. 1) approve of
2) slow down
3) taken in
4) sucked into
5) set apart
6) dozed off
9) keep up with
3. 1)...provided inspiration for many artists and musicians over the decades.
2)...is credited to his powers of imagination
3)...on the foundations of an agricultural revolution
4)...not to make any complaints in the presence of the nurse.
5)...the outbreak of the Second World War.
4. 1) flaw/came to the conclusion/would get nowhere
2) in a row/dozed off/a mess of
3) outbreak of/ has undermined / has strained
II. 1)With Christmas only a week away
2) With his physical condition improving day by day
3) With our GDP growing steadily
4) With all the shops closed
5) with her eyes closed
6) With the fog lifting during the night
III. 1) like/as
2) came to the conclusion that
3)never get anywhere
5) not give/care a fig
7) beyond any doubt
2. 1) extent
9) utilized 10)breakthrough
1.1) The volunteers sent/assigned by the Red Cross disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague.
2)Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.
3)Professor Wang received/won the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students' creative imagination.
4) As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn't approve of the economic stimulus package.
5) Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up/meet the challege by himself.