大学英语模拟试卷及答案

大学英语答案 时间:2018-04-27 我要投稿
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  大学英语模拟试卷

  第一部分:交际用语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

  此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. ---How was your trip to London, Jane?

  ---________.

  A. Oh, wonderful indeed                         B. I went there alone.

  C. The guide showed me the way.          D. By plane and by bus.

  ---简,你在伦敦的旅行如何啊?     ----哦,真的好极了

  2. ---Hey, Tom, what’s up?

  ---________.

  A. Yes, definitely!                           B. Oh, not much.

  C. What is happening in your life?             D. You are lucky.

  ----嗨,汤姆,你在忙什么?       ----哦,不忙什么

  3. ---Do you mind my smoking here?

  ---________.

  A. No, thanks.                                  B. Yes, I do.

  C. Yes. I’d rather not.                            D. Good idea.

  ---你介意我在这吸烟吗?      ---是的,我介意

  4. ---David injured his leg playing football yesterday.

  ---Really? ___________

  A. Who did that?                        B. What’s wrong with him?

  C. How did that happen?                                    D. Why was he so careless?

  ---戴维昨天踢球时腿受伤了。     ----真的吗?那怎么发生的啊?

  5. ---This box is too heavy for me to carry it upstairs.

  ----________.

  A. You may ask for help.                   B. I’ll give you a hand.

  C. Please do me a favor.                   D. I’d come to help.

  ---这个盒子对我来说太重了搬不到楼上去。    ----让我帮你吧.

  第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)

  此部分共有2篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Passage 1

  Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.

  很多在伦敦工作的人喜欢住在伦敦郊外,然后每天乘火车、汽车和公交车去上班或上学。这也就意味着他们不得不早出晚归。

  One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.

  住在伦敦郊外的一个好处就是房子便宜。在伦敦即使是没有花园的小公寓也需要一笔不菲的租金,用同样的钱,你可以在郊区买一个带花园的小房子了

  Then, in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has the reward of one who has shared the secrets of Nature.

  然后,他在乡村就可以远离喧嚣和忙碌的工作生活。即使他不得不起得更早,花更多的时间乘火车或公交车,但他晚上可以睡得更好。在周末和夏季的夜晚,他可以享受乡村清新干净的空气。要是他喜欢花园,在花园里干一些想挖土、种植、浇水等许多园艺的活,那么当鲜花和蔬菜生长起来的时候,他就与其它分享大自然秘密的人们一样得到奖赏。

  Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s (two weeks) visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad toget away from London every night. (287 words)

  然而有些人对乡村并不感兴趣。对他们来说,幸福就在市区里,那里有电影院、剧院、漂亮的商店、繁忙的街道、舞厅和饭店。如果不得不住在伦敦郊外的话,这些人就觉得生活没意义了。(对于那些热爱都市生活的人来说)他们所需要的乡村生活,就是偶尔去公园散步,每个夏天去海边过上两个星期,其它跟乡村有关的东西,让那些每天晚上都急于离开伦敦的人们(住在郊外的人们)去享受吧。

  6. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  下列哪个陈述是不对的?所有在伦敦工作的人都喜欢住在伦敦市郊

  A. People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city.

  B. People who work in London prefer to live in the country.

  C. Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.

  D. Many nature lovers, though working in London, prefer to live outside London.

  7. With the same money ________, one can buy a little house with a garden in the country.

  用同样的钱租一套没有花园的小公寓,他可以在乡村买到一套有花园的小房子。

  A. getting a small flat with a garden

  B. having a small flat with a garden

  C. renting a small flat without a garden

  D. buying a small flat without a garden

  8. When the garden is in blossom, it means the one _________ has been rewarded.

  当花园里开满鲜花的时候,那个花时间在花园里工作的人就得到了奖赏。

  A. living in the country

  B. having spent time working in the garden

  C. having a garden of his own

  D. having been digging, planting and watering

  9. People who think happiness lies in the town would feel that ________ if they had to live  outside London.

  那些认为幸福就在城市里人会感到他们的生活毫无意义如果他们不得不住在郊外

  A. their life was meaningless

  B. their life was invaluable

  C. they didn’t deserve a happy life

  D. they were not worthy of their happy life

  10. The underlined phrase get away from in the 3rd paragraph refers to ________.

  划线的词组get away from在第3段中指逃脱某个地方

  A. deal with                         B. do away with

  C. escape from                       D. prevent from

  Passage 2

  By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of other–they are people against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation’s consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us-an artifact of the past. Some maintain that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore, the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and advances continue to be made in medical science.

  就定义而言,英雄之所以与众不同是因为他们有非凡的勇气、取得了卓著的成就、常常为他人的利益而做出牺牲——他们是我们评价别人的标准。他们是大家公认的对我们国家意识的形成和我们国家的发展,还有对他们的崇拜者的一生起了重大作用的人。可是,有人说,我们的时代是很难出现真正英雄的时代,英雄主义这一概念本身我们就难以理解——它已经成为历史。有些人坚持说,由于冷战的结束和美国对外的和睦,我们的时代本质上不是一个英勇豪壮的时代。更进一步地说,总体犯罪率正在降低,经济的发展与增长已经缓解了贫困,医疗科学也在不断的进步。

  Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who manage to transcend celebrity(明星), who are legendary, who somehow manage to become mythic. But what makes some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That’s hard to answer. In part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death -such as Martin Luther King Jr., John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana. (258 words)

  给文化偶像下定义就更难了,但是我们看到他们就认识了他们。他们超越了名流,成为传奇式人物,甚至在某种程度上已是神话式的人物。但究竟是哪些因素使有些人成为偶像,另一些人仅成了名流呢?这就太难说了。部分原因是他们的生平带有传奇故事的色彩。比如说,年轻貌美的黛安娜·史宾塞,19岁时嫁给了王子,放弃了婚姻与王权,却在找到真爱的那一刻死去了。漂亮的长相当然有用,另外,在媒体的炒作下某种难以描述的、特殊的个人魅力也起作用。然而悲剧性地过早离开这个世界,却是造成偶像最重要的因素——例如:小马丁·路德·金、约翰·F·肯尼迪和黛安娜王妃。

  11. The passage mainly deals with __________.

  这段主要讲述了英雄与偶像.

  A. life and death                               B. heroes and heroines

  C. heroes and icons                                  D. icons and celebrities

  12. Heroes and heroines are usually _________.

  英雄通常是以上三个都是.

  A. courageous                                 B. good examples to follow

  C. self-sacrificing                               D. all of the above

  13. Which of the following statements is wrong?

  下列哪个陈述是错误的?英雄只能出现在战争时代。

  A. Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.

  B. Superstars are famous for being famous.

  C. One’s look can contribute to being famous.

  D. Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.

  14. Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love _________.

  年轻貌美的黛安娜·史宾塞找到了她的真爱刚好在她死之前.

  A. when she was 19                      B. when she became a princess

  C. just before her death                   D. after she gave birth to a Prince

  15. What is more likely to set an icon’ s status?

  悲剧和英年早逝什么更有可能说明偶像的状况?

  A. Good looks.                                    B. Tragic and early death

  C. Personal attraction.                              D. The quality of one’s story.

  第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

  此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  16. The manager will not _______ us to use his car.

  A. have                B. let                       C. agree                    D. allow

  经理不准我们用他的车。

  17. _______ her and then try to copy what she does.

  A. Mind               B. See                      C. Stare at                 D. Watch

  留心观察,然后照她的样子做。

  18. Will you _____ me a favor, please?

  A. do                   B. make                     C. bring                     D. give

  你愿意帮我个忙吗?

  19. It’ s bad _____ for you to smoke in the public places where smoking is not allowed.

  A. behavior           B. action                  C. manner               D. movement

  对你来说在禁止吸烟的公共场所吸烟是一个坏的举止行为。

  20. It’ s a good idea. But who’ s going to _______ the plan?

  I think John and Peter will.

  A. carry out          B. get through            C. take in                   D.  set aside

  这是个好主意。但谁去执行这个计划呢?

  我认为约翰和比德可以去执行这个计划。

  第四部分:完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  以下短文中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每给句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  It is always interesting to visit another country, especially for those who have never traveled a great deal. Foreign ___21____can be very educational for anyone if he is interested enough to make preparations beforehand. Learning the language of the new country would be difficult for the traveler, ____22____ the benefits of such an effort would become obvious immediately _____23____ his arrival. It may not seem important to him when he comfortably stays at home, but knowing how to ___24____ a meal or book a room is necessary for the newcomer in a strange country. Without knowing the language, it is very difficult ____25_____ the stranger to understand the people of the new country and their customs.

  出国旅游总是很有趣的,尤其是对于那些很少出门旅行的人。如果旅游者兴致很高,提前做些知识准备,在国外旅行中能学到更多的东西。学习一门新的语言对于旅行者来说会很难,但是一到达新国度,这种努力学习语言的益处就会立竿见影。当他在国内的时候这并不重要,但是在一个陌生的国家里,对于一个新来的人知道如何点餐或预定房间却是必须的。如果不懂这个国家的语言,对陌生人而言,就很难理解这个国家的人文及风俗文化。

  Of course, in our small world, it is often possible to find someone ____26____ understands our own, but this is only second-best for the traveler. To be sure, he can see places and things ____27____ the use of a language, but places and things ____28_____not the heart of the country. To get the greatest benefit from a trip ____29_____ another country, it is how important for the visitor to ____30____ an understanding of the language.

  当然,世界很小,我们经常有可能找到理解我们自己语言的人,但是对于旅行者来说,这只是次之的选择。他能够不用语言看懂地方及很多东西,这是肯定的,但这并不是一个国家的核心内容。为了在旅游中能够从别的国家获得最大的收益,对于游客来说,懂一门新语言是多么重要啊!

  21. A. travel                    B. country                C. language              D. people

  22. A. when                    B. so                    C. and                  D. but

  23. A. on                B. before                 C. while                D. at

  24. A. buy               B. order                  C. eat                  D. book

  25. A. of                 B. to                    C. for                  D. in

  26. A. who               B. where                C. which               D. whom

  27. A. without             B. with                        C. by                  D. that

  28. A. is                  B. are                   C. were                 D. had

  29. A. of                B. in                    C. to                    D. on

  30. A. has               B. having                 C. had                   D. have

  第五部分:英译汉(共3小题;每小题5分,满分15分)

  请把下列3句英文翻译成中文。

  31. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are likely to experience.

  我们的激情越多,我们有可能体验到的快乐就越多。

  32. Each time history repeats itself, the price goes up.

  历史每重演一次,代价就增加一分。

  33. In an age of plenty, we feel spiritual hunger.

  在这个物质财富充裕的时代,我们感到精神上的饥渴。

  第六部分:写作(满分15分)

  要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。

  Bad Manners in Public

  1. 列举人们在公共场所的不良现象.

  2. 对其中某一种现象陈述你的看法, 并简单说明理由.

  Bad Manners in Public

  Although we consider ourselves as highly advanced beings living in a civilized society, bad manners can still be found here and there. For example, some cyclists run the red traffic lights, many passengers litter waste papers and plastic bags in the public places, and some tourists scrabble in tourist attractions, let alone spit on the street. In the cinema, some audience talk loudly on cell phones in front of others.

  I’m strongly against talking loudly in the cinema, for this behavior shows no respect at all to others; what’s worse, it upsets the audience who are in the mood of having fun.

  公共场所的不良举止行为

  虽然我们认为自己是生活在这个文明社会中的高级生物,但是不良举止行为仍到处可见。比如,骑自行车的人闯红灯,很多人在公共场所乱仍废纸和塑料袋,一些游客在旅游景点乱涂乱画,更不用说在大街上随地吐痰了。在电影院里,一些观众在他人面前用手机大声讲话。

  我强烈反对在电影院大声聊天,因为这一行为对他人一点也不尊重,此外,还严重影响了其它观众看电影的心情。

  模拟题答案

  一. 交际用语

  1- 5 ABBCB

  二阅读理解

  6-10BCBAC11-15CDDCB

  三. 词汇与结构

  16-20DDAAA

  四. 完型填空

  21-25ADABC26-30 AABCD

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