高考英语动词词性分类及用法参考

时间:2018-07-27 20:11:04 高考英语 我要投稿

高考英语动词词性分类及用法参考

  一、系动词(link-v)。 句子结构:①主语+系动词+表语(S+V.+P)

高考英语动词词性分类及用法参考

  连系动词不能独立做谓语,必须跟表语一起构成谓语。系动词后的表语可以是名词、代词、数词、形容词、分词、动名词、不定式、副词、介词短语、词组、从句等。系动词无被动形式。

  (1) 表示特征或状态: be, look, seem, appear, smell, taste, sound, feel, turn out, prove等。

  1) It sounds a good idea.

  2) This food tastes good.

  3) The door remained closed.

  (2) 表示持续: keep, remain, stay, lie, stand等。

  1) I hope you will keep fit.

  2) We can remain friends.

  3) Please stay seated.

  (3) 表示变化: become, go, get, grow, turn, fall, come, run等。

  1) He went mad.

  2) His hair turned grey.

  3) I fell ill.

  二、不及物动词。不及物动词后面通常不跟宾语,且无被动形式。句子结构:②主语+不及物动词(S+Vi)。

  1) Birds can fly.

  2) I can jump high.

  其他不及物动词:agree, arrive, arise, belong, come, die, dive, exist, fall, flow, go, happen, hurry, rise, listen, look, rise, run, sit, sail, succeed walk, work, stay等。

  不及物动词若要跟宾语,必须在其后加介词方可再接宾语(Vi+prep.+O)。

  1) Look at me !

  2) Sit on the stool!

  三、及物动词。及物动词后面必须跟宾语,且可以用于被动语态。句子结构如下:

  1. ③主语+及物动词+宾语(S+Vt+O)

  He reached Paris the day before yesterday.

  还有forget, receive, see, say, supply, select, show, take, raise, visit, spend等

  2. ④主语+及物动词+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物)(S+Vt+sb+sth)

  1) Please show me the letter.

  2) Please hand me the book over there.

  3) Can you buy me a meal?

  4) John has sent Betty a cheque of $1000.

  5) I will give you the latest newsletter.

  6) She made me a beautiful dress.

  若要先说出直接宾语(事物),后说间接宾语(人),则要借助于介词to或for, 如:

  1) He brings cookies to me every day.

  2) She made a beautiful dress for me.

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