侦探技能:从阅读中你能推论出什么

时间:2017-01-19 14:06:59 英语四级 我要投稿

侦探技能:从阅读中你能推论出什么

侦探技能:从阅读中你能推论出什么

“I can’t stop shivering.” Lucy had to speak louder than normal so Gary could hear her over the wind’s caterwaul.[/en
]“我不停地打哆嗦。”露西用比平时更大的声音对盖里说道,好让他在狂风呼啸下也能听到。
[en]“Move closer,” Gary said as he tugged gently at her light jacket. The material felt alarmingly flimsy in his hand. He wondered how much longer they’d have to wait until help would come.
“靠过来一点。”盖里轻轻拢了拢她的浅色夹克说道。夹克的料子在他手中显得异常单薄。他想知道,他们还得等多久才能得到解救。

Although you may not realize it, you have made several inferences from the passage above without even trying very much.
虽然你可能没有意识到,你也可以毫不费力地从以上的文章中推论出一些内容。

For example, you probably concluded from the conversation that Lucy and Gary were cold, and that they may be in serious trouble. However, if you look back, you’ll see that there is not direct statement about temperature in the passage. You have determined the information from several clues.
例如,你可以从对话中得出,露西和盖里很冷,他们可能陷入了困境。但是,如果你回顾之前的内容,你会发现文中没有直接交代出温度有多少。你可以从一些线索中断定出一些信息。

What else can you infer from the passage?
你还可以从文中推论出什么?

Are the two inside or outside? Do you think Lucy has prepared herself for this situation? What might her lack of preparedness say about her personality? What do you think of Gary’s personality?
他们两人是在室内还是室外?你觉得露西受得了这个环境吗?她的准备不足说明了她有什么性格特点?你觉得盖里是一个什么样的人?

Most of the information you believe about Gary and Lucy has come from inference.
你得到的关于盖里和露西的大多数的信息都是源于推论。

What Is Inference?
推论是什么?

Inference is what we do when we draw conclusions based on observations and experience.
推论就是我们通过自己的观察和经验得出的结论。

Any time you read, you make inferences about the characters, scenes, and actions. You can do this because you bring a pretty large vocabulary and some life experience with you as you read.
每一次阅读,你都可以对人物、场景和动作做出推论。因为你有相当大的词汇量,以及生活经验,因此阅读的时候可以做出推论。

As you read the passage above, you made inferences about the following:
当你阅读以上的文章时,你可以推论出以下内容。

Pronoun antecedents: In the last sentence (He wondered . . .), you have most likely inferred that the pronoun “he” refers to Gary.
代词:最后一句(he wondered…),你很可能就推论出代词he指代的就是盖里。

Meaning of words from context: Can you define the word caterwaul? You have most likely concluded that it means something similar to howl or scream. If you weren’t familiar with the word before reading the passage, you probably made a conclusion becaus