高考英语do的口语用法归纳

高考英语 时间:2018-08-09 我要投稿
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  一、do sb a favour的用法

  该结构表示“帮助某人”,也可说成do a favour for sb,注意其中有不定冠词。如:Would you do me a favour please? 请你帮我个忙,好吗?t; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0">He is always ready to do a favour for his classmates. 他总是乐于帮助同学。以下各句均可表示“劳驾请把窗户打开”。注意,当 favour 后有定语修饰时,其前习惯上要用定冠词: Do me a favour and open the window. Do me a favour by opening the window. Do me a favour—open the window, please. Do me the favour to open the window. Do me the favour of opening the window.

  二、do sb good的用法

  该结构表示“对某人有益或有好处”,其中的 good 为不可数名词。如: Exercise will do you good. 运动对你会有好处。Eat more fruit—it will do you good. 多吃水果,这对你有好处。A week’s vacation will do you a lot of good. Go on with the treatment. It is doing you good. 你要继续进行这种疗法。它对你是有效的。

  三、do sb harm 的用法

  该结构表示“对某人有害”,其中的 harm 为不可数名词。如:Smoking does harm to your health. 吸烟对你的身体有害。A few late nights never did anyone any harm. 熬几个晚上的夜对人绝无害处。Whether it will do us harm remains to be seen. 是否对我们有害还要看一看。Whether it will注:也可说成 do harm to sb。如:Such books do great harm to young people.=Such books do young people great harm. 那样的书对年青人危害很大。

  四、do sb honour 的用法

  该结构也可说成do honour to sb,它有以下两个方面的意思:

  1.对某人表示敬意或纪念。如:They did honour to the dead. 他们向死者致敬。

  2. 给某人带来荣誉或使某人受到尊敬。如: His contributions to science do honour to our country. 他在科学上的贡献为祖国增了光。We attended his birthday party to do him honour. /We attended his birthday party to do honour to him. 我们参加了他的生日晚会以表示对他的敬意。注意:do sb the honour of doing [to do] sth 的意思是do sb the honour of doing [to do] sth “给某人面子做某事”“给某人做某事的荣幸”。如:Would you do me the honour of dancing with me?=Would you do me the honour to dance with me? 能请你跳曲舞吗?

  五、do sb a kindness的用法

  该结构表示“好心地为某人做某事”“帮某人的忙”,其中的 kindness 为可数名词。如:Will you do me a kindness? 你愿帮我个忙吗?He has done me many kindness. 他帮了我不少忙。

  六、do sb a service的用法

  该结构表示“帮某人的忙”,注意其中有不定冠词。如:Will you do me a service? 帮我个忙好吗? You did me a great service by telling me the truth. 你把实情告诉我,这对我很有好处。

  七、do sb wrong的用法

  该结构表示“冤枉某人”“冤屈某人”,wrong 前前通常不用冠词,但若有形容词修饰,也可用不定冠词修饰。如:You did me wrong. 你冤枉我了。You did me wrong. He did her a terrible wrong. 他真的是太冤屈她了。

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